Beta blockers

These medication are typically used to address superior blood stress when other drugs haven’t worked.

By Mayo Clinic Workers

Beta blockers, also recognized as beta-adrenergic blocking agents, are prescription drugs that lower blood stress. Beta blockers function by blocking the effects of the hormone epinephrine, also acknowledged as adrenaline.

Beta blockers result in the coronary heart to conquer far more slowly and gradually and with significantly less force, which lowers blood force. Beta blockers also assistance widen veins and arteries to improve blood stream.

Examples of beta blockers

Some beta blockers largely have an affect on the heart, when other folks influence equally the heart and blood vessels. Your health practitioner will select which beta blocker is very best for you primarily based on your wellness circumstances.

Examples of beta blockers taken by mouth contain:

  • Acebutolol
  • Atenolol (Tenormin)
  • Bisoprolol (Zebeta)
  • Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
  • Nadolol (Corgard)
  • Nebivolol (Bystolic)
  • Propranolol (Inderal, InnoPran XL)

When beta blockers are utilized

Beta blockers aren’t encouraged as a 1st treatment method in men and women who have only higher blood pressure. Beta blockers are not generally prescribed for substantial blood tension unless of course other remedies, this sort of as diuretics, haven’t labored effectively. Also, a health care provider may prescribe a beta blocker as a single of quite a few prescription drugs to reduced blood force.

Beta blockers may well not function as properly for black people and older people today, particularly when taken devoid of other blood tension prescription drugs.

Beta blockers are utilized to prevent, deal with or increase indicators in men and women who have:

  • Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
  • Heart failure
  • Chest agony (angina)
  • Heart assaults
  • Migraine
  • Specific varieties of tremors

Your health practitioner may well prescribe beta blockers together with other prescription drugs.

Aspect effects

Prevalent side consequences of beta blockers can contain:

  • Chilly hands or toes
  • Exhaustion
  • Fat gain

Less popular aspect results consist of:

  • Melancholy
  • Shortness of breath
  • Hassle sleeping

Beta blockers commonly usually are not utilized in persons with bronchial asthma simply because of fears that the treatment might cause intense asthma assaults.

In people today who have diabetic issues, beta blockers may possibly block symptoms of very low blood sugar, such as swift heartbeat. It is crucial to verify your blood sugar regularly if you have diabetic issues and you might be having a beta blocker.

Beta blockers can also impact cholesterol and triglyceride degrees. They can induce a slight increase in triglycerides, a type of body fat in the blood, and a modest lessen in fantastic cholesterol, or high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. These modifications generally are momentary.

You shouldn’t abruptly end taking a beta blocker because doing so could maximize your risk of a coronary heart attack or other coronary heart trouble.